This research project aimed at identifying the underlying biases shaping France’s foreign policy towards Turkey in the Eastern Mediterranean, and the way it may impact the EU’s external positions.
Turkey-European Union relations have been fluctuating in recent years, leading to a relationship which seems to be driven more by crisis management than representing an equal partnership. In that light, Africa offers an underexplored area of research to examine the possibilities of such cooperation as well as identify the points of contention.
This research project examined the ‘Africa strategies’ of Turkey and the EU in order to understand to what extent North Africa – more specifically, Morocco, Egypt and Algeria – could provide a venue for cooperation between the two actors.
This research explored the potential for cooperation on environmental peacemaking and environmental geopolitics between the regional powers of the Eastern Mediterranean – namely Turkey, Egypt and Israel – in order to decrease the tensions of potential conflicts and environmental degradation in the region.
The current state of play in EU-Turkey relations reflects the state of the international order. While the de jure framework for relations between the EU and Turkey is the Accession Process whereby Turkey has been a candidate for accession to the European Union since 2005 (although its candidature remains frozen), the transactional state of the world order over the last few years, as well as economic, social and political crises within a number of European states, have led to a significant crisis in trust between Turkey, the EU and its member states.
The central aim of this research is to examine and understand European and Turkish decision-makers’ perceptions of the three dimensions of EU-Turkey cooperation in the Syrian crisis: the EU-Turkey Statement, Turkish politics vis-à-vis Syrian refugees in Turkey, and EU-Turkey cooperation as regards the future of Syria.
In the last couple of years, developments in Syria have added an extra layer to the already complicated relationship between the EU and Turkey. Cooperation and discord have mainly been on two key issues: the refugee crisis and the threat of terrorism, which is associated with the phenomenon of European foreign fighters. This project aims at identifying opportunities and constraints for EU-Turkey cooperation in Syria.
Carnegie Europe has convened three off-the-record policymaker roundtables on Turkey in London, Berlin, and Brussels. Each discussion will engage officials from national governments, key ministries and parliaments to review their country’s posture toward Turkey and policy options for the relationship moving forward. Due to the ongoing pandemic, the roundtables had to take place in a digital format.
The demographic futures of Turkey and Europe are entwined. The influx of nearly four million Syrians fleeing the civil war is Turkey’s most significant demographic change in decades. The project aims to develop a comprehensive strategy that addresses the key security questions in northern Syria and advances a coordinated EU response in coordination with the U.S. in 2021.